When they came to Anatolia from the 11th century onwards, Turks brought their language with themselves as well.
Turkish language is not an Indo-European language. It comes from the Ural-Altaic family like Finnish, Hungarian, Japanese or Korean.
In the Ottoman times, Arabic alphabet was used with the Turkish alphabet. This combination was named as the Ottoman language. But after the new secular republic was founded in 1923 by the founding leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, lots of reforms were made in every field. One of these reforms was on the language. The Arabic alphabet was abolished and a new Latin alphabet was adopted.
In the current Turkish alphabet there are 29 letters with fixed sounds.
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