Quick Guide 20: Topkapi Palace, Ottoman Sultans as Caliphs

The Topkapi Palace housed each of the Ottoman Sultans from Sultan Mehmed II to Sultan Abdülmecid, covering nearly four centuries and 25 Sultans. In 1924 the palace was turned into a museum.

Ottomans captured Egypt in the early 16th century and brought the Holy Relics of Islam together with the title of “Caliph”. From then on each sultan was also the Caliph of Islam.

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